European Migrant Crisis

European Migrant Crisis

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Updated Oct 01, 2015 at 09:45AM EDT by Brad.

Added Sep 24, 2015 at 01:01PM EDT by Rev Snowfox.

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Overview

The European Migrant Crisis refers to the ongoing exodus and resettlement of emigrants from the Middle East, Africa and Central Asia, the majority of whom are Syrian refugees and asylum-seekers displaced by the ongoing civil war in Syria, in European countries. The dramatic growth of migration from Europe's neighboring regions was observed as early as in 2013, but the trend rapidly escalated to the level of a European humanitarian and political crisis during the summer of 2015.

Background

While immigration to Europe has been steadily on the rise for decades, it became recognized as an alarming trend during the late 2000s when large numbers of undocumented migrants from the Middle East and Africa began illegally entering Europe, mainly through Turkey and Greece. In response, the European border control agency Frontex implemented stronger security measures to prevent illegal immigration by land, which in turn led to a dramatic increase of migrants attempting to enter Europe by crossing the Mediterranean Sea. Between 2010 and 2013, the migration trend snowballed into a humanitarian crisis as hundreds of thousands of civil war-displaced refugees from the Middle East, mainly of Libyan and Syrian origins, started seeking asylum in European countries. By 2014, the number of asylum applications in the EU had reached 626,000, and during the first eight months of 2015, more than 500,000 migrants entered the European Union.


Immigration in the European Union (2010 - 2014) 1.455.953 1400K 1.391.147 1.372.789 1.353.027 1200K 1000K 800K 627.780 600K 400K 432.055 309.820 336.015 283.532 260.83 200K 141.051 104.060 107.365 72.437 OK 2010 2013 2012 Year 2009 2011 2014 Non-EU NationalsAsylum ApplicantsIllegal Border Crossers

Syrian Refugees

Most of the refugees are known to be from Syria, where the multi-factional Syrian Civil War waged since years, made the country too hostile and dangerous to stay. Along with them, other refugees came from Iraq, Afghanistan and Eritrea, also areas in war, and economic migrants came from other countries from Africa and Central/Eastern Asia, to seek a better life in Europe's more prosperous and advanced countries.



Fatalities at Sea

As more and more migrants began taking the sea routes on the Mediterranean Sea into Europe, tragic maritime accidents also became increasingly frequent and fatal for thousands of migrants traveling on crowded and ill-maintained boats. These routes generally involved Italy, Greece, and Spain towards France and the United Kingdom. During the first half of 2015, the death toll of European migrants while crossing the Mediterranean Sea rose to a record level, prompting several EU nations to prop up their maritime rescue efforts to reduce fatalities at sea. In April, at least 1,308 refugees and migrants drowned or disappeared en route to the European borders in several shipwrecks, a staggering spike in comparison to 42 in April 2014.


Mediterranean situation in 2015 Sicily o Rhodes o Lampedusa Tripoli o List of migrant vessel incidents on the Mediterranean Sea (Mediterranean) Date Location Various locations in the Mediterranean Sea Cause Vessels capsized Outcome Several vessels sank, rescues in process Deaths Over 1200 (estimated; 35 confirmed) Missing 450 2015 Major maritime routes Maritime routes Trieste Venice FRANCE Ferry routes used by migrants Major land routes Main migration hubs Coastal migration hubs Migration route cities Marseille ITALY Rome . GREEC SPAIN Ankara TURKEY Malaga Almeria ens Algeciras Ceuta Mteilla Algiers TunSilily Malta usa -Maghni Oujda BeirutSYRIA Amman Ghardaia、Ouargla Gran Fuerteventura Canaria Cairo Aqaba LIBYA EGYPT ALGERIA TenerifeEl Aiun Sebha WESTERN SAHARA Tamanrasset emen MALI Tessalit NIGER Source: Map Eritrea and Somalia

Notable Developments

Political Reactions

The European Union and Europe's political leaders were slow to react in a coordinated way, and the crisis gave rise to a huge rift in politics in regard to Western and Eastern European political stances, whereas Western European governments tend to support migration and the relaxation of the relevant asylum and border laws, and Eastern European governments (most of them in post-socialist countries) tend to oppose migration, and support the enforcement or even tightening of the aforemented laws.

Border Control

The so-called Dublin Agreement dictates that asylum seekers should be processed in the first EU country in which they arrive, but in reality, most of the refugees don't want to apply for asylum or register in the Dublin system until they arrive in their destination country, most often Germany. The so-called Schengen Area makes it possible for EU citizens to travel between the countries in the area without visas and compulsory border checks. This policy collapsed as masses of refugees and migrants walked through countries and over borders, while not being EU citizens. In consequence, several EU countries imposed border controls, lockdowns or outright erected fences, either to allow the processing of the incoming people in a timely manner, or to channel them to official asylum processing points, so people would need to comply with Dublin Agreement rules. In some occasions, the border control or lockdowns caused violent protests, where riot police had to use tear gas, water cannons and other dispersing techniques.

Political Asylum

The crisis led many EU member nations to construct temporary refugee and humanitarian facilities, channeling refugees and migrants on government-owned buses and trains to processing facilities or temporary camps, or to a border of a neighboring country to avoid excessive crowding and rioting. The stances taken by individual governments and the statements made by politicians contributed to escalating diplomatic tensions, especially among Austria, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.

News Media Coverage

Amidst the political debate, many of the world's media outlets criticizes European politician's apparent inability to act in coordination to mitigate the crisis and to help the refugees and migrants en route, while also criticizing the governments who oppose migration and erect border fences. Some outlets however claim that most of the mainstream media is biased, using dramatized footage, photographs and stories, and unfairly criticizing anti-migration governments as inhumane, even fascist powers, while distorting the nature of the refugees and migrants, withholding information about their negative aspects.

Online Reaction

The crisis has spawned parodic and sarcastic images both mocking Germany and German chancellor Angela Merkel's apparent invitation of migrants, but also the apparent indifference or outright hostility of Europe, the European Union, or individual countries, most notably, the border fences erected and the lack of wide-ranging search and rescue operations on the Mediterranean Sea.

Kiyiya Vuran Insanlik

On September 1st, 2015, Turkish Twitter users began tweeting the hashtag #KiyiyaVuranInsanlik (English: Humanity Washed Ashore), along with a photo of the three year-old Syrian boy named Aylan Kurdi, who died overnight in the Mediterranean Sea by drowning during his family's failed attempt at a night passage from Turkey to Greece. In the photo, Kurdi is seen lying face-down in the sand on the beaches of Bodrum, Turkey.

Search Interest

External References

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Top Comments

lisalombs
lisalombs

By the EU's own statistics, only 1 in 5 of these "refugees" is actually from Syria. By the UN's, ~70% are single males. The actual refugees, women and children and families, are stopping in the borderline countries because that's where the UN has refugee camps set up, that's where the aid is. The single males who continue into Europe in an attempt to get to Germany are nothing more than illegal immigrants, and they're starting to take their toll on legitimate citizens in the country. People are being evicted from their homes because it's cheaper for the government to move "refugees" in than build new shelters for them. The shelters that exist are stuffed 3-4x their maximum capacity, leading to culture clashes and violence. The German police union is calling for an apartheid system for Christians and Muslims because the violence has gotten so bad. Germany is even seeing a rise in all the "culture" that these "refugees" claim to be fleeing from, just two days ago another honor killing took place because a German Muslim's daughter wouldn't agree to her forced marriage. Strangled her in her sleep. These people don't want to assimilate, they don't want to follow Germany's laws, they want to follow Sharia law. c

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