Wigglegrams

Wigglegrams

Part of a series on GIF. [View Related Entries]

Updated Jan 22, 2013 at 01:50PM EST by Brad.

Added Mar 14, 2012 at 06:39PM EDT by Brad.

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About

Wigglegrams (also known as stereographs) are animated images that simulate 3D effect by looping two or three frames of an object shot from the vantage points of the viewer’s right and left eyes. Similar to cinemagraphs, each instance usually consists of a few continuous frames that play in loop.

Origin

In 2002, Californian interaction designer Jim Gasperini[13] uploaded eight experimental GIFs[14] that combined right and left images from stereographs he had previously taken, describing them as “wiggling scenes.”[31] Titled “Time for Space Wiggle,” the page was shared on Metafilter[15] on July 31st, 2003 and BoingBoing[33] on November 1st. The next month, Gasperini published an instructional blog post[16] for the Oakland Camera Club, in which he stated that he was overwhelmed with people’s response to his GIFs. The word “wigglegram” was coined by British photographer Brian Harte[32] in one of his blog posts in 2007.



Stereogram

A stereogram[1], also known as as stereoview or stereograph, is a term for a pair of two-dimensional photographs taken from the vantage of each eye separately. When viewed through a stereoscope or after one crosses their eyes, the pair appears as a single three dimensional image. In 1838[17], scientist Charles Wheatstone published a paper arguing that the brain, when viewing two similar images side by side, would unify the photographs. These photos began appearing in the 1850s[2] after being displayed at the Great Exhibition[18] of 1851. This technique was used to photograph events like the Civil War[3] as well as local landmarks.[4] Many libraries and museums[5] currently host collections just for these photographs, including the New York Public Library[6] with over 43,000 stereographs in their digital collection and over 17,000 in the Library of Congress[7] Prints and Photographs Online Catalog.



A particular type of stereograms were popularized in the 1990s under the book series name Magic Eye.[34] The series utilizes random-dot autostereograms[35] to create an optical illusion of a three dimensional image popping out of the background. The images below contain a dinosaur (left) and a shark (right).



Spread

In March 2006, Flickr user Okinawa Soba[8] began uploading a set of stereoviews[9] taken in early 1900s Japan by photographer T. Enami[10], who often hand painted the photos after they were developed. As of March 2012, the set has 311 photos and over 93,000 views. The photos depict a range of topics from everyday life[11] to war.[12] In 2009, Japanese culture blog Pink Tentacle created animated versions of 20 of Enami’s original photographs.



On Flickr, users can submit these images to several pools including Stereophotography[29] with over 37,000 items, 3D[30] with over 12,000 items and 3D Animated Stereo[28] with 1800+ items as of March 2012.

On Tumblr

On February 17th, 2011, an art director from Portland, Oregon named Matt Moore[19] began a project called 3ERD.[20] Moore used a camera with an interchangeable 3D lens to capture the same image from two separate angles, turning them into animated gifs. The project was featured on the Creators Project[21] and Mental Floss[22] in 2011.



The technique was further popularized on Tumblr by graphic designer collective[25] Mr. Gif[26], who began posting wigglegrams on May 25th, 2011.[27] Wigglegrams can be found on the blogging platform with the tags stereoscopic[23] and wigglegram.[24]



Notable Examples





Search Interest



External References

[1]Wikipedia – Stereoscopy

[2]Photo.net – History of Photography Timeline

[3]Library of Congress Archive – Civil War Stereographs

[4]Southern Methodist University Archives – Stereographs c. 1870s

[5]Stereoviews.info – Research Links

[6]NYPL Digital Library – Search results for “stereograph”

[7]Library of Congress – Search results for “stereograph”

[8]Flickr – Okinawa Soba’s Photostream

[9]Flickr – OLD JAPAN in 3-D

[10]T-Enami.org – Home

[11]Flickr – Making Music in Old Japan

[12]Flickr – Catching a Japanese “cannon ball” in flight

[13]Jim Gasperini – Home

[14]Jim Gasperini – Stereo images “Time for Space Wiggle”

[15]Metafilter – Time for Space Jiggle

[16]Oakland Camera Club – Time For Space Wiggle A Surprise Hit on the Web

[17]Connexions – A Brief History of Stereographs and Stereoscopes

[18]Brighton Photographers 1841-1910 – Stereoscopic Photographs

[19]Tumblr – Matt Moore

[20]Tumblr – 3ERD

[21]The Creators Project – Twitchy GIFs Made From Stereoscopic Photographs

[22]Mental Floss – 12 Twitchy Stereoscopic Photographs

[23]Tumblr – Posts tagged “stereoscopic”

[24]Tumblr – Posts tagged “wigglegram”

[25]The Daily Dot – These GIFs swim on your page

[26]Mr. Gif – Home

[27]Mr. Gif – First wigglegram

[28]Flickr – 3D animated stereo pool

[29]Flickr – Stereophotography group pool

[30]Flickr – 3D group pool

[31]Burning Man Opera – Opera 2002

[32]Brian Harte – Stereograms

[33]BoingBoing – Faux stereoscopic photos: “space wiggle” Burning Man images

[34]Wikipedia – Magic Eye

[35]Wikipedia – Random-dot autostereogram

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