The Kremvax Hoax

The Kremvax Hoax

Updated Mar 22, 2017 at 06:40PM EDT by Don.

Added Oct 05, 2011 at 04:44PM EDT by Tomberry.

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Kremvax was a fictious Usenet[1] site supposedly hosted at the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia during the Cold War. It achieved worldwide recognition in 1991 when it became the main gateway name for Moscow's only Usenet site,


On April 1st, 1984, a user calling himself K. Chernenko, referencing Soviet leader Konstantin Chernenko[2], joined Usenet's net.general, eunet.general, net.politics and eunet.politics groups, posting a peaceful message[3] claiming that Russia (known as the USSR[4] at the time) would be joining the Usenet network in order to have a platform of discussion with Americans and Europeans.

The article claimed to come directly from the government of the Soviet Union, then referred to as The Kremlin. It was also signed with several different VAX domain names, including moskvax, mcvax, kremvax and kgbvax.

While a majority of people assumed the post was a hoax due to it being made on April Fools' Day, many users were quick to fear a real threat coming from the Soviet Union. Replies were later compiled on sites such as Paul V's homepage[5] and[6], several threads are still archived on Google Groups.[7]

- Wow!

Is this for real? Honest-to-god Russia? Gee. I never thought that I'd
see it. Does this imply that Unix is behind the Iron curtain?

- Is this for real? Can we have confirmation from someone who is
recognized as being in a position to know?

- get out of our network!!!


Author Revealed

The prank post stayed active for two weeks before Piet Beertema, a Dutch internet pioneer who founded the first country code domain .nl, came out as the actual author on April 15th, 1984. He posted several reactions to the Usenet, stating that the replies he got "made worth while the forging [he] had to do to hide the real origin." Several months later, a "reliable source" told Beertema that the hoax had reached the American government's Department of Defense and the Pentagon had a discussion on "how to deal with it."[8]

Kremvax Domain

In 1991, 7 years after the prank, Vadim Antonov added Russia to Usenet using domain name Following skeptical reviews as if it was another prank or not, the administrators renamed it to as a tribute.[9] The domain is now defunct. NET Mx PTR 4194.87.0.17NET AS2578 NE

News Media Coverage

Decades after the Usenet message, Kremvax continues to be mentioned as one of the best online hoaxes of all time on sites including Giganews[10], Wired Magazine[11], Museum of Hoaxes[12], and eWeek.[13] Kremvax also has an entry in the Jargon File.[14]

External References

[1] Wikipedia – Usenet

[2] Wikipedia – Konstantin Chernenko

[3] USSR on Usenet – (Archive) Eunet.politics / 4-1-1984

[4] Wikipedia – USSR

[5] Paul V – Kremvax Response Compilation 8-16-1984

[6] 2meta – 1984 Fools: Kremvax replies part 1

[7] Google Groups – Kremvax Results

[8] Piet Beertema's Homepage – the kremvax hoax

[9] Wikipedia – Kremvax

[10] April Fool's Day on Usenet – / 4-1-2008

[11] Wired Magazine – 10 Best: April Fools' Gags / 3-24-2008

[12] Museum of Hoaxes – #13: Kremvax

[13] eWeek – 10 Greatest Tech Hoaxes – Kremvax

[14] The Jargon File – kremvax

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