Supreme Court Gay Marriage Ruling

Supreme Court Gay Marriage Ruling

Part of a series on Same-Sex Marriage. [View Related Entries]

Updated Jun 21, 2016 at 02:07PM EDT by Brad.

Added Jun 26, 2015 at 03:10PM EDT by Don.

PROTIP: Press 'i' to view the image gallery, 'v' to view the video gallery, or 'r' to view a random entry.

This submission is currently being researched & evaluated!

You can help confirm this entry by contributing facts, media, and other evidence of notability and mutation.


The U.S. Supreme Court Gay Marriage Ruling, formally known as Obergefell v. Hodges, was a landmark case reviewed by the United States Supreme Court in which the court determined that same-sex marriage is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Upon its ruling on June 26th, 2015, the decision effectively legalized same-sex marriage across the country.


In June 2015, the LGBT community's fight for marriage equality reached a major milestone when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that the Constitution requires all states to recognize same-sex marriage as a valid union.

Hawaii Ruling

In 1993, the Hawaii Supreme court declared in Baehr v. Lewin that the state's prohibition of same sex marriage was unconstitutional.

Massachusetts Ruling

On November 18th, 2003, the Supreme Judicial Court ruled in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that same-sex couples had the right to marry in the state of Massachusetts. On May 17th, 2004, the state became the first in the U.S. to legalize same-sex marriage.

Remaining States

In the state of California, same-sex marriage first became legal on June 16th, 2008, when the Supreme Court of California found that barring same-sex couples from marriage violated the state's constitution. However the issuance of marriage licenses was halted during the period of November 5th, 2008, through June 27th, 2013. In the state of Connecticut, same-sex marriage has been legally recognized since November 12th, 2008, following a state court decision that found the state's civil unions failed to provide same-sex couples with rights and privileges equivalent to those of marriage; making it the third state to do (second state when considered that California had already halted the issuance of marriage licenses to same-sex couples at the time). Since Connecticut, other states progressively followed over the years

The Nation Evolves On Gay Marriage ■DC When marriage equality was enacted 1 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: The Huffington Pos THE HUFFINGTON POST

Notable Developments

Supreme Court Ruling

On June 26th, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that the U.S. Constitution requires all states to recognize same-sex marriage. Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote the majority opinion, and was joined by Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.

"No union is more profound than marriage, for it embodies the highest ideals of love, fidelity, devotion, sacrifice, and family. In forming a marital union, two people become something greater than once they were. As some of the petitioners in these cases demonstrate, marriage embodies a love that may endure even past death. It would misunderstand these men and women to say they disrespect the idea of marriage. Their plea is that they do respect it, respect it so deeply that they seek to find its fulfillment for themselves. Their hope is not to be condemned to live in loneliness, excluded from one of civilization's oldest institutions. They ask for equal dignity in the eyes of the law. The Constitution grants them that right."

Dissenting Opinions

The dissenting Justices John Roberts, Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito authored their own opinions. Roberts argued that the ruling demonstrated the Court had overreached its role as constitutional enforcer and that it would serve a setback for supporters of same-sex marriage who had been successfully persuading the public through the "democratic process."

"Understand well what this dissent is about: It is not about whether, in my judgment, the institution of marriage should be changed to include same-sex couples. It is instead about whether, in our democratic republic, that decision should rest with the people acting through their elected representatives, or with five lawyers who happen to hold commissions authorizing them to resolve legal disputes according to law."

Justice Scalia wrote a separate dissent in which he criticized other Justices for being "activists" and accused the Court of being a "threat to American democracy." Justice Thomas argued the majority were misinterpreting the 14th Amendment's Due Process Clause. In Justice Alito's dissent, he asserts that the Due Process Clause did not protect gay marriage and that the "majority facilitates the marginalization of the many Americans who have traditional ideas."

Following the ruling, many mocked the opinions of Scalia and Thomas with image macros and animated GIFs (shown below).[1]

I'M SENDING YOU BOTH HOME Myles Tanzer @mylestanzer Follow Me to Thomas and Scalia 10:30 AM-26 Jun 2015 23 ★44 YOU MAAAAD Hannah Giorgis @ethiopienne Follow reading the scalia dissent like 10:35 AM 26 Jun 2015 13 ★35 ALL THESE FLAVORS AND YOU CHOOSE TO BE SALTY Tommy @TommyPart1 Follow Justice Scalia right now: #LoveWins#SupremeCourt 11:10 AM-26 Jun 2015

Online Reaction

That day, the official White House Twitter feed changed its profile picture to a rainbow-colored illustration of the White House building (shown below).

Also on June 26th, the hashtags #MarriageEquality and #LoveWins began trending on Twitter and Facebook along with messages praising the Supreme Court's decision. Meanwhile, several posts about the ruling reached the front page of Reddit,[3][4][5][6] including an animated GIF on /r/dataisbeautiful[2] displaying the legal history of same-sex marriage in the United States (shown below).

How America Achieved Full Marriage Equality Constitutional Ban Statutory BanSame-Sex Marriage Sources: Human Rights Campaign, Pew Research Center, and National LGBTQ Task Force

Fewer than seven hours after the news of the decision, the hashtag #LoveWins had been tweeted 2.71 million times, and the secondary hashtag #MarriageEquality had been tweeted more than 170,000 times.[7] When users tweeted using the #LoveWins hashtag, Twitter automatically added a rainbow heart-shaped emoji.

Barack Obama * Follow BarackObama Retweet to spread the word. #LoveWins MARRIAGE EQUALITY. Now the law of the land. RETWEETS FAVORITES 150,890 97,056 ID * George Takei GeorgeTakei Follow When I checked Twitter this morning #LoveWins RETWEETS FAVORITES 11,370 13,450
, KATY PERRY Follow Okatyperry Really encouraged to be an American today... Love should live beyond labels & intolerance! #LoveWinsv #Equality-orAI わt3 ★'으 ..。 RETWEETS FAVORITES 13,570 21,687 41190滋柱冠痴 12:32 PM-26 Jun 2015 Skittles ' Follow Best day to be the Rainbow EVER #lovewins Skittles LOVE RETWEETS FAVORITES 623 734

In opposition, the hashtag #OneManOneWoman was being used by those in opposition to the decision. It was used almost 800 times in the same time frame. Many tweeting using this hashtag were responded to by marriage equality advocates.

Gov. Mike Huckabee @GovMikeHuckabee * Follow Read my letter to conservative leaders about the importance of standing for traditional marriage -> #OneManOneWoman わt3 ★ RETWEETS FAVORITES 56 75 7:42 AM-26 Jun 2015 * Bryan Fischer BryanJFischer Follow June 26, 2015: the day the twin towers of truth and righteousness were blown up by moral jihadists. RETWEETS FAVORITES 2,314 1,394 卻剩圖碨 13盃 9:56 AM-26 Jun 2015
Follow WBC WBCSaysRepent Mark this day! Mark this day! Amazing joy this token of the coming of our Lord! We thank thee Father! WESTBORO BAPTIST CHURCH CHRIST:WHEN SAME- SEX MARRIAGE IS ESTABLISHED, LOOK FOR ME! LUKE 17:26 3 2:48 PM-26 Jun 2015

Online Brand Tributes

Many brands with large online presences, including three major social networks, instituted site-wide tributes to celebrate the SCOTUS decision and the United States weekend of Gay Pride. These tributes usually bore rainbow colors to signify support for the LGBT community.

On Facebook, users could use a tool located at to create a new profile picture with a rainbow overlay (below, top left). Twitter, as noted above, automatically added a rainbow heart emoji to every tweet that used the hashtag #LoveWins (below, top middke). Snapchat allowed users to institute two new rainbow-themed filters (below, top right), while Uber changed its UberX icons so that each car was flying a small rainbow flag (below, bottom left). In addition, Google added rainbow-themed graphics to search results that included keywords like "gay marriage" or "LGBT" (below, bottom right).

Arnold Schwarzenegger changed his profile picture. 20 mins e Jakub Bielawski What's wrong with U Arnie? I have to unlike... 18 minutes ago . Like-山293 . Reply Arnold Schwarzenegger Hasta la vista 7 minutes ago . Unlike- 646 The Simpsons @Simpsons_tweets 14h We work hard. We play hard. #LoveWins RETWEETS FAVORITES 622 616 T O MAKING HISTORY 4 2
U B EFR General Worth Sauare PICKUP LOCATION 3 West 18th Street E 23 S Broad Flatiron Building m of Art ) SET PICKUP LOCATION Church of St. Francis Xavier Center for Jewish History uberXL CA uberT uberPOOL uberX uberBLACK UberRUSH EATS Google gay marriage supreme court Web News VideosImages Shopping MoreS Search tools About 30,200,000 results (0.37 seconds) In the news Gay marriage and other major rulings at the Supreme Court Washington Post 1 hour ago The Supreme Court will be back at work Friday putting the finishing touches on a historic term, with one major decision completed and a Same-sex marriage among last 5 Supreme Court cases Yahoo News 6 hours ago Supreme Court has five final cases to decide, including gay marriage MSNBC -2 hours ago More news for gay marriage supreme court Maps: What The Supreme Court's Ruling On Same-Sex... NPR 1 day ago- In a ruling covering four cases, the court will determine whether states can prohibit same-sex marriage, as 13 states currently do. It's always. Supreme Court Has Five Final Cases to Decide, Including▼ 1 day ago - Five cases are left for the Supreme Court to decide, including one that could legalize same-sex marriage The Man Behind the Same-Sex Marriage Supreme Court...> Politics 18 hours ago-Jim Obergefell woke up before sunrise and headed to the Supreme Court of the United States, where he got in line and awaited his seat at the

Search Interest

External References

Recent Videos 5 total

Recent Images 93 total

Top Comments

Mistress Fortune
Mistress Fortune

in reply to MaysJedi

I personally just wish "social justice" would be more associated with positive things like the very event this page is about. Sadly it's more associated with faux-internet "activists" who tend to do more complaining than actually doing something, and usually what they complain about is something that's not even a problem (i.e. "why was this character in this fictional piece of media not made to be a polysexual otherkin with serious depression?!").

Slutty Sam
Slutty Sam

This is what ground-breaking US history feels like guys, and in a good way one of the last things of this relevance that occurred in recent times was 9/11, so yeah. I'm glad LGB equality has come this far. But still gay people still have a ways to go to avoid social discrimination and such. I wonder what's next in terms of social justice and civil rights. I cross my fingers that in time the T of LGBT will go far.


+ Add a Comment

Comments (509)

Display Comments

Add a Comment

Yo Yo! You must login or signup first!