Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun

Updated Jul 31, 2016 at 11:45AM EDT by Z..

Added Jul 31, 2016 at 05:23AM EDT by The Transistor.

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About

Tutankhamun (lit. translation, Living Image of Amun) was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh who rose to power and control of Egypt at the age of 10 and ruled for approximately 8 years before his death in 1323 B.C. at the age of 18 or 19 years old. Because of this, as well as the circumstances surrounding the excavation of his tomb lead by Howard Carter in 1922, and what has been discovered since his tomb's discovery, he has become famous around the world for being the subject of one of the world's most in-depth excavations and ongoing archaeological mysteries.

History

At the age of 10, Tutankhamun rose to power as the pharaoh (ruler) of Egypt, shortly after the reign of his father, Akhenaten. Akhenaten was infamous for outlawing traditional ancient Egyptian religion in favor of worship of the Aten, an image of the sun disk, cutting off ties with other surrounding nations, and outright neglecting various regions in Egypt in favour of his own cities, being branded as a heretic after his death. Tutankhamun, although young, was considered an admirable pharaoh for restoring traditional religion back to Egypt and repairing the bond between Egypt and surrounding countries after the effects of what Akhenaten did during his reign.

After dying at the age of 18, Tutankhamun was mummified, buried in a solid gold sarcophagus sealed with a death mask, and placed in a tomb with various valuables and trinkets including jewellery, weaponry, thrones, solid gold and more, following the belief that items buried with a person are brought over to the afterlife/du'at after death in Egyptian mythology.

Discovery

In 1922, English archaeologist Howard Carter, leading an excavation and team of archaeologists in Egypt discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun after following a list of clues obtained from other tombs, labelling the tomb as KV62 and displaying the sarcophagus and the treasure found within in the tomb for tourists to see.

Various relics from the tomb have made their way around the world in exhibitions and tours, and the world-famous mask and sarcophagus are displayed in the Egyptian Museum, with replicas and reproductions being used in different museums because of the artifacts' status as the Egyptian government's property.

Golden Death Mask

Considered by many to be the main focus of the excavation and the face of Egypt itself, the mask used to seal Tutankhamun's sarcophagus was famous for being not only entirely intact at the time of retrieval in 1922, but also for being the only discovered pharaoh's death mask to be made entirely out of solid gold and semi-precious stones such lapiz lazuli, quartz and turquoise-colored glass. The remarkableness of such a find compared to other tombs in Egypt made this, and the excavation in general, famous around the world, and has since then, become a popular icon associated with Egypt on par with the Pyramids and the Sphinx.

Impact

Tutankhamun's discovery is considered to be one of the most important events in the archaeological community, due to the significance of his role as pharaoh in life and the artifacts discovered during it, including rumors of a curse befalling Howard Carter's crew after opening the tomb, and making its way into media all around the world.

Creator's note: I would especially like help with this section in particular as I am not sure what to write here.

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