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Les Miserables is a novel written by French novelist Victor Hugo and published in 1862. Often considered one of the most influential novels of the 19th century, the story has been adapted into numerous musical productions, feature films and even a musical drama film, the last of which led to the establishment of an online fandom upon its release in December 2013.
The musical adaptation of Les Miserables premiered on Broadway on March 12th, 1987, and closed on May 18th, 2003, giving it the fourth longest Broadway run. It won 9 Tony Awards in 1987 including Best Musical. The songs "I Dreamed a Dream" and "On My Own" from the musical became popular staples of singing competition reality shows and pop culture, with the former sung by Susan Boyle on Britain's Got Talent and the latter sung by Lea Michelle in the pilot episode of Glee.
There had been seven film adaptations of Les Miserable before a film adaptation of the musical was released on December 25, 2012. The film starred Hugh Jackman as Jean Valjean, Anne Hathaway as Fantine, Amanda Seyfried as Cosette, and Eddie Redmayne as Marius. It grossed $148.8M.
The 2012 musical film received mixed reviews, earning a 70% on Rotten Tomatoes and a 63% on Metacritic. It was nominated for eight Academy Awards and won three, including Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role for Anne Hathaway.
As of January 2014, the official Les Miserables Twitter account has over 82.9 followers and its Facebook page has over likes 1.6 million likes. The film is available to watch for $9.99 on Universal Movies official YouTube channel. The official trailer was uploaded to Universal Movie's YouTube channel on March 1st, 2013, and as of March 2014, it has over 220,000 views.
In addition to the show's branded social media presence, there are numerous fan sites where fans gather to critique and praise the film, including the now-outdated Tripod fan site and the Les Misersables FanPop channel. There are several Tumblr blogs dedicated to the film, such as lesmisconfessions, fuckyeslesmismovie, and fylesmiserables. As of January 2014, Fanfiction.net has over 2,600 Les Miserables submissions and Deviant Art has over 19,000 submissions tagged Les Miserables.
Les Mean Girls
Les Mean Girls is a meme that involves taking quotes (or slightly altered quotes) from the 2004 comedy Mean Girls and putting them on film stills from Les Miserables. The LesMeanGirls Tumblr uploaded it's first imaged on January 2nd, 2013. On January 31st Buzzfeed published a post titled "Les Mean Girls Is "Mean Girls" Meets "Les Miserables" And It’s Glorious" that compiled the best photos from the Tumblr. The meme was also covered by sites likes Mashable, UpRoxx, and TheJaneDough.
Hark! a Vagrent Tackles Javert
On November, 21st, 2010, illustrator Kate Beaton posted a series of comics under the heading "Javert" on her website "Hark! A Vagrant!" The comics poked fun at the police officer and anti-hero of Les Miserables, Inspector Javert. The comics quickly became popular on Tumblr.
On November 6th, 2011, YouTube Channel The Online Musical uploaded the first video in their dubstep Les Miserables series. The video featured singer Rachel Dady singing "I Dreamed a Dream" over a dubstep beat. The video was followed by a dubstep version of "One Day More" on November 8th and "Empty Chairs at Empty Tables" on November 11th. The highest performing video of the three, "One Day More," had gained over 110,000 views as of January 2014.
On August 30th, 2012, popular YouTube singer Nick Pitera uploaded a video to his channel titled "One Man Les Miserables Nick Pitera Medley" that featured him singing multiple roles in a Les Miserables medley. As of January 2014 the video has over 4.5 million views.
Javert, also known as Javert your eyes, is a reaction image and photoshop fad centered around a GIF of the character of Javert staring through a window with a look of distress on his face. It became extreme popular on Imgur in late 2014.
 Mashable- "Les Mean Girls Tumblr Is So LeFetch" And It’s Glorious":http://mashable.com/2013/02/05/les-mean-girls-tumblr/
 UpRoxx- "Les Mean Girls Is The Mashup Of ‘Les Miserables’ And ‘Mean Girls’ We’ve All Been Waiting For" And It’s Glorious":http://www.uproxx.com/webculture/2013/02/les-mean-girls-les-miserables/#page/1
 The Jane Dough- ‘Les Mean Girls’ Is The Best New Tumblr On The Internet