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Nico Nico Douga (Japanese: ニコニコ動画, which means “Smile Videos”) is a Japanese video sharing website well-known for its large video remixing community and the real-time display of user comments during the playback. The site was founded by Niwango, a child company of the Japanese media company Dwango. And, Hiroyuki Nishimura, the founder of the Japanese textboard community 2channel, joins Nico Nico Douga as a board member.
Launched on December 12th, 2006, the earliest form of Nico Nico Douga relied on YouTube as its video-hosting service. But as the community continued to grow in traffic and bandwidth usage, YouTube blocked access from Nico Nico Douga beginning on February 23rd, 2007. Consequently, the site was forced to shut down the service but it was relaunched as “Nico Nico Douga Y” with its own video-hosting server less than a month later in March. In May 2007, the Nico Nico Douga for mobile phone users was announced. Since August 9, 2007, “Nico Nico Douga (RC) Mobile” has serviced mobile phones of NTT DoCoMo and au. Its nickname is “Niconico” or “Nico-dō”, where “nikoniko” is the Japanese ideophone for smiling.
Nico Nico Douga was the first website introduce a way to embed tags and comments directly into the videos, allowing comments on 2channel and the YouTube clip to be displayed simultaneously. The feature enabled video posts on Nico Nico Douga with a sense of a shared watching experience.
Nico Nico Pedia
Nico Nico Pedia (ニコニコ大百科, Nico Nico Daihyakka) is an internet encyclopedia section in nico nico. All entries has 2channel style comment board in the bottom of articles, and any registered users can post comments. But only premium users can edit articles.
Different from Wikipedia, articles aren’t required notability nor neutrality. So, there are many articles for online fads, events and incidents especially in nico nico. Its atmosphere is similar to Encyclopedia Dramatica or YTMND wiki.
Nico Nico Seiga
Nico Nico Seiga (ニコニコ静画) is an illustration community launched in late 2009, which quite resembles to pixiv. Tags in nico nico seiga is common to that of nico nico douga. Besides, it has a Futaba channel style image board section named “Theme” (お題). In contrast of the popularity of Nico Nico Douga, it hasn’t got a much presence on the web, and left in the dust of pixiv.
Nico Nico Live
Nico Nico Live (ニコニコ生放送,Nico Nico Namahousou) is a live-streaming service in nico nico. Its was launched on December 25th, 2007 as a trial service that limited to official programs, and opened to users in December 12th, 2008. Only premium users can broadcast their own programs and its time is basically limited in 30 minutes.
That the total quantity of aired programs reached 1million within its first half year since user programs started, and 100million in July 11th 2012. Nowadays, hundreds of thousands of user broadcasting programs are aired in a day.
As of October 31, 2011, Nico Nico Douga has over 23,690,000 registered users, 6,870,000 mobile users and 1,390,000 premium users. The website is written in Japanese and the majority of the site traffic is from Japan, although approximately four percent is from outside of Japan, notably one percent from Taiwan. A Taiwanese version of the site was launched on October 18, 2007. In July 2008, the website was localized to German and Spanish. The Taiwanese localization was significantly improved in the process. Nico Nico Douga is the thirteenth most visited website in Japan.
For the complete listing of memes originating from Nico Nico Douga, check out KYM Collection – Nico Nico Douga.