Dungeons and Dragons
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Dungeons & Dragons (DnD or D&D) is a tabletop role-playing game (RPG) published by Wizards of the Coast, in which players create characters to undertake adventures in a variety of fantasy settings run by a game organizer known as a Dungeon Master. The brand is known as the most popular and commercially successful tabletop RPG of all time, and has inspired novels, television series, films and computer games.
The game is typically played with several people seated at a table, with each player assuming the role of a given character created according to the rules of a "Player's Handbook." Each character must choose a race, class, ability scores. and one of nine "alignments," which indicate their general moral and ethical outlook. Players guide their character and perform actions by rolling polyhedral dice, with each encounter guided by a single Dungeon Master (DM). DMs consult a rulebook titled "Dungeon Master's Guide" for general game organization and the "Monster Manual" for NPC encounters.
In January 1974, the original Dungeons & Dragons game was designed and published by the Tactical Studies Rules, Inc. (TSR) founders Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson, based on Gygax's medieval miniature wargame Chainmail. In 1977, a children's variation of the game titled Dungeons & Dragons Basic Set was released, followed by the first edition of Advanced Dungeons & Dragons. In 1989, an updated version of Dungeons & Dragons titled Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 2nd Edition was released. In 1997, TSR was acquired by the game publisher Wizards of the Coast, who released Dungeons & Dragons 3rd Edition three years later in 2000. The company went on to published a 4th edition in 2008 and a 5th edition in 2014.
In 1978, the novel Quag Keep by Andre Norton was released as the first novel based on Dungeons & Dragons. In the 1990s, a series of books based in the Forgotten Realms and Dragonlance settings were released to commercial success, launching the writing careers of Margaret Weiss, Tracy Hickman and New York Times best-selling author of R.A. Salvatore.
The original tabletop game has inspired the creation many video games in Dungeons & Dragons settings and using similar rules. In 1988, the first licensed Dungeons & Dragons game Pool of Radiance based on the tabletop's rules were released by Strategic Simulations, Inc for the MS-DOS operating system (shown below, left). In 1990, the RPG Eye of the Beholder was published by Strategic Simulations, Inc for MS-DOS, in which the player is sent on a quest to kill a multi-eyed "Beholder" monster (shown below, right).
In 1998, the game Baldur's Gate was released for Windows and Mac systems, set in the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons campaign setting Forgotten Realms and running on the Infinity Engine for 2-D role-playing games (shown below, left). Over the next several years, an additional seven Dungeons & Dragons-based games were released using the Infinity Engine, including the critically acclaimed Planescape Torment in 1999 (shown below, right) and Baldur's Gate II: Shadows of Amn.
In 2002, the Forgotten Realms game Neverwinter Nights was released by Bioware for Windows, Mac and Linux systems (shown below, left). Over the next two years, the game received several expansion packs, including Hordes of the Unterdark (2003, Witch's Wake (2004) and Kingmaker (2004). On October 31st, 2006, Neverwinter Nights 2 was released for Windows and Mac platforms (shown below, right).
In 1983, the animated television series Dungeons & Dragons was launched on CBS, which revolved around the adventures of six friends magically teleported to DnD realm. The show ran for three seasons until it was canceled in 1985.
On December 8th, 2000, the film Dungeons & Dragons was released, in which two thieves embark on a quest to acquire a magic sceptre to control red dragons. The film received mostly negative reviews, with many claiming the actor's delivered poor performances and that Marlon Wayans' character promoted racial stereotypes. On October 5th, 2005, a made-for-TV sequel to the film was released, which also received negative reviews.
The official homepage Dnd.Wizards.com contains information about the games and various products, events, media and a community forum. On Reddit, numerous subreddits for various discussions about the tabletop RPG have been created, including/r/dnd, /r/DnDGreentext, /r/dndmemes, /r/DnDnext and /r/DungeonMasters. Many wiki sites dedicated to the game have been launched including the DandDWiki, the Dungeons & Dragons Wikia and the Dnd-Wiki.
On September 11th, 2006, YouTuber Kareem Harper uploaded an interview in which he discusses how he would handle a pack of orc in a Dungeons & Dragons game (shown below, left). On February 2nd, 2011, The Nostalgia Critic posted a video about the film Dungeons & Dragons (shown below, right).
On November 18th, 2014, the BuzzFeedVideo YouTube channel uploaded a reaction video titled "Girls Play Dungeons And Dragons For The First Time" (shown below, left). On January 3rd, 2015, CollegeHumor uploaded a video in which a dominatrix is invited as a Dungeon Master to a Dungeons & Dragons game (shown below, right). Over the next two years, the videos gained over 1.3 million and 2.6 million views respectively.
"It’s Magic. I Ain’t Gotta Explain Shit"
“It’s Magic. I Ain’t Gotta Explain Shit” is an expression associated with a reaction image used in response to a request for an explanation. Variations of the phrase are often posted online as well, using the phrasal template “It’s X. I ain’t gotta explain shit.”
Character Alignment Charts
Character Alignment Charts are graphs representing a character's general ethical and moral stance. The alignments are typically taken from the Dungeons & Dragons system, consisting of nine alignment types.
#GOPDnD is a hashtag that spread on Twitter in March of 2017 that spoofs the American Republican Party by imagining how it would react in a game of Dungeons and Dragons. On March 17th, James D'Amato of the ONE SHOT podcast tweeted the first example, gaining over 260 retweets and 650 likes (shown below).
After D'Amato tweeted a few more examples, other Twitter users began jumping in on the hashtag with jokes of their own. Several jokes acquired upwards of a thousand retweets, leading to media coverage from DailyKos and Gizmodo.
 Reddit – /r/DnDGreentext
 Reddit – /r/dndmemes
 Reddit – /r/dndnext
 Reddit – /r/DungeonMasters
 Wikia – Dungeons and Dragons
 Dnd-wiki – Dungeons and Dragons Wiki
 Wikipedia – Dungeons and Dragons novels
 Dnd.wizards.com – D&D Official Homepage
 Twitter – @OneShotRPG
 DailyKos – #GOPDnD is Great and Accurate
 Gizmodo – #GOPDnD Has the Best Dungeons & Dragons Game Ever After Trumpcare Failed
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