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North Korean Rhythmic Exercise, usually called "Rhythmic Exercise" (Korean: 율동체조, Yuldong chejo or 률동체조, Ryuldong chejo; Japanese: 律動体操, Ritsudou Taiso), refers to a series of calisthenics produced by the Korean Workers' Party in the 1990s. The video clips were been popular visual resources for audio-dubbing parodies in the early days of niconico Douga (niconico).
According to the Korean Wikipedia's article and a Korean Central Television program called "The Love to the people is also in the rhythmic exercise" (KCTV) aired in August 2015, this exercise series was ordered by order of Kim Jong-il in March of 1993 as an improved version of similar exercises in Kim Il-sung era, People's Health Exercise (인민보건체조), at the North Korean Sports Science Center. After the release of the "adults" version of the video, 4 more rhythmic exercises, for children, elders, toddlers and babies, were released serially in the 1990s. Its soundtracks, except for the toddlers version, are played by Wangjaesan Light Music Band. These official tutorial movies for the exercises are still aired on KCTV in 2010s.
Left: Adults version in 2000s | Right: Children version in 2000s
The Korean Workers' Party also created several sports-themed rhythmic exercises (Basketball, Soccer and Wrestling versions) during Kim Jong-un era.
In late 2002, North Korean rhythmic exercise videos began being aired on the Japanese Television show Black Wide Show which often picked up KCTV's news and propaganda footage for fun. A few years later, the videos became fodder for video remixes and parodies on YouTube and niconico. Particularly, the children version had been often used for audio-dubbing videos which mashup its footage with anime or video game music between 2007 and 2011.
Left: "Ultra Relax" by Tomoe Shinohara | Right: "Motteke! Saiolr Fuku"
Left: "Battle 2" from Final Fantasy 4 | Right: Renai Circulation
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