Ku Klux Klan

Ku Klux Klan

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Updated Nov 03, 2016 at 02:33PM EDT by Brad.

Added Jul 30, 2015 at 01:26AM EDT by Avon Barksdale.

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About

The Ku Klux Klan (often shortened as KKK) is a former social movement and secret organization that consists of loosely affiliated independent chapters across the United States. Though historically associated with remnants of racial bigotry in the South after the Civil War, the group remains highly notorious for its open advocacy of white supremacy, white nationalism and xenophobia, as well as extremist terrorism. In the U.S., it is classified as a hate group by the Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center.

Online History

Note: this section focuses on the online activities of the Ku Klux Klan and its affiliate organizations. For more information on the pre-Internet history of the Klan, namely its first and second incarations, refer to the Wikipedia entry.


Usenet

The online activities of the KKK can be traced back to the establishment of anonymous white supremacist newsgroups on Usenet since as early as the 1980s. The Usenet has been widely cited as an early example of an online hub that played a vital role in fostering extremist ideologies and practical information on how to commit acts of violence in real life, such as instructions on bomb-making.

World Wide Web

With the advents of the World Wide Web in the early 1990s, the digital presence of post-World War II white supremacists and neo Nazis continued to grow. In 1995, American white nationalist Don Black and Chloê Hardin, the ex-wife of former KKK Grand Wizard David Duke, co-founded a bulletin board system (BBS) called Stormfront, which quickly grew into one of the most prominent online forums for white nationalism, racism and neo-Nazism. In addition to the launch of Stormfront, several white nationalist and KKK-sympathetic online forums and communities surfaced during the late 1990s to early 2000s, including Redwatch, The Daily Stormer and Metapedia, among others.

#OpKKK

#OpKKK was a series of social media protests and hacktivist campaigns launched by an international network of Anonymous hackers in November 2014 in retaliation to threats of violence made by the Ku Klux Klan against protesters during the 2014 anti-police riots in Ferguson, Missouri.



As a result of the campaign, several KKK-affiliated websites and social media accounts were breached, vandalized or otherwise rendered inaccessible through the means of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and other hacking methods; in addition, personally identifiable information of at least 350 alleged members and 18 KKK-affiliated online communities were doxxed, including their photographs, names and home addresses.

Online Presence

Largely due to the heavy decentralization of the organization during the latter half of the 20th century, the Klan's support base in terms of size and scale has been difficult to measure; as of 2016, the estimated membership of the Klan ranges from 3,000 to 6,000 individuals, according to the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) and the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), respectively. However, despite the long-term downward trend in organized activities by Ku Klux Klan-affiliated groups, both watchdog groups reported that the number of KKK nationwide chapters in the United States nearly tripled in 2015, from 72 to 190.

Reputation

The Ku Klux Klan has been officially denounced by virtually every Christian denomination and condemned as a "hate group" by some of the most prominent civil rights advocacy groups in the United States, such as the Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center, as well as political parties across the spectrum. Interestingly enough, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has provided legal assistance to various members of the Klan in the name of upholding the First Amendment rights.

Endorsement of Donald Trump

On November 1st, 2016, just a week before the day of the United States presidential election, the Klan's quarterly newspaper The Crusader dedicated the entire front page of its Fall 2016 edition to a lengthy article under the headline "Make America Great Again," which effectively endorsed Donald Trump as the president of the United States.


The Crusaber The Political Voice of White Christian America! THE PREMIER VOICE OF THE WHITE RESISTANCE The Knights Party PO Box 2222 Harrison, AR 72601/870-427-3414/ Pastor Thomas Robb, dir./www.lckk.com "Make Ameriea Great Aguin" By Pastor Thomas Robb which are foreign to our tradi- al deviants like Bruce Jenner to ask ourselves, "What made tions, our spirit and our faith. are praised for their cour- Americagreatinthefirstplace? Who would have thought age, while a White Nationalist The short answer to that is sim- Again! It is a slogan that has that the day would come upon us who says nothing more than ple: America was great not been repeatedly used by Don- when the White House would be "Love your People!" is treat- because of what our fore- ald Trump in his campaign for lit aglow with the colors of the ed like the scum of the earth fathers did bat because of the presidency. You can see it rainbow promoting the program that society (especially our who our forefathers were. on shirts, posters, buttons and of the vile homosexual agenda? kids) must be protected from. America was founded as a ball caps such as the one be- Who would have thought that Wholesome understandings of White Christian Republic ing wom here by Trump speak- same-sex marriage would be race and gender have been total- And as a White Christian Re- ing at a recent campaign rally. legally (thus forcibly) placed ly turmed around and we are in public it became great. In fact, Trump evidently anticipated his upon us? And while it is both run for the presidency long before day spoken of in Scripture it became the greatest coun- try in the history of the world. erty through self-governnent and it offered financial liberty Just 6 days after Obama Mitt Romney, Trump applied to the U.S. Patent and Trade- mark Office for the exclusive ewnership and right for use Making America great again, 11, 2012 Trump received the ple this slogan resonates with, but evidently there was enough nected from the spirit, values, publican primary. The slogan appeals to people who are sad- loathsome and vile to witness when evil will be called good thers. Every year that passes, this ly realizing that something this deplorable change which and good will be called evil. disconnection becomes wider. has happened to America. has taken place, it becomes The Bible correct- And that places a great chal even more alarming when we ly identifies us as a wick- lenge before us. We are in that The desire to make Amer see this "life style" being im. ed and perverse generation. day spoken of by the prophet ica great again touches at the posed on our tiny children. Yet it is in this generation in Malachi when it tells us that in very heart of Americans who are having a harder and harder has ordered through the Jus- ever reason, this is the bour cide seems to be closing its jaws time identifying with this new tice Department that all bath- when the God of Destiny placed upon our people forever that American image. A recent Reu- rooms in public schools your feet to walk the earth. God will send forth his ministry President Obama which we were born. For what this final day as White Geno- Americans feel they no longer The Tick Tock of this vile immo. Again" is at catchy slogan tion, and will strengthen those identify with this "new" Amer- rality clock has been inching to- and we are beginning to see who have become "orphaned. ica. And 53% say they feel like ward this day for many years, it and hear it everywhere. ft will tim the hearts of the chil- a stranger in their own country. And while they feel like strang- have seen the cultural morals of ica really be great again? of tbe fathers to the children. ers the reality is that it is strang our people completely gutted. That is what we will soon find out! If America Is traly going to be great ers which have invaded our land There is no perversion that is While Trump wants to make uain we mist unce again lkearm to and now dictate to us policies not now fully embraced. Sex- A Over the past 50 years we But can it happen? Can Amer dren to the fathers and the bearts America great again, we have L Write, Call, Join Today! Online at www.kkk.bz / Listen 24 Hours a Day The Few, The Proud, The Fed Up!

As the news of the Klan's endorsement began circulating, Trump's campaign officials promptly issued a statement sharply criticizing The Crusader's article:

"Mr. Trump and the campaign denounces hate in any form. […] This publication is repulsive and their views do not represent the tens of millions of Americans who are uniting behind our campaign."

Search Interest

External References

[1] Anti Defamation League – Poisoning the Web: Hatred Online

[2] Anti Defamation League – About the Ku Klux Klan

[3] CSCA Journal of Communication Studies – The internet rhetoric of the Ku Klux Klan: A case study in web site community building run amok

[4] International Business Times – For Hate Groups Like The KKK, Social Media Is A Double-Edged Sword

[5] The Washington Post – The state of hate in America: A new home on the Internet

[6] The Guardian – Anonymous takes over Ku Klux Klan's Twitter account

[7] Wikipedia – Stormfront

[8] Memecenter – Search Results for KKK

[9] Wikipedia – Metapedia

[10] Truth Or Fiction – The Ku Klux Klan has endorsed Barack Obama for president

[11] The Independent – Khloe Kardashian criticised after posting Ku Klux Klan meme

[12] Internet Archives – Search Results for Ku Klux Klan

[13] Mother Jones – Aryan Outfitters

[14] BBC – #BBCTrending: Anonymous takes on the Ku Klux Klan

[15] Wikipedia – Category:Neo-Nazi websites

[16] Wikipedia – The Daily Stormer

[17] Partners Against Hate – Defining the Problem: The
Internet as a Tool for Hate

[18] CBS St. Louis – KKK Warns They Will Use ‘Lethal Force’ Against Violent Ferguson Protesters

[19] BoingBoing – 1927 news report: Donald Trump's dad arrested in KKK brawl with cops

[20] New York Times – In Interview, Donald Trump Denies Report of Father’s Arrest in 1927

[21] TIME – KKK Leader Finds Donald Trump a Great Recruiting Tool

[22] Snopes – Donald Trump's Parents Wore Ku Klux Klan Attire?

[23] ZDNet – Anonymous seizes Ku Klux Klan Twitter account over Ferguson threats

[24] VICE – KKK Missouri Chapter Threatens Ferguson Protesters with ‘Lethal Force’

[25] Politico – Trump declines to condemn Ku Klux Klan

[26] New Yorker – Donald Trump and the Ku Klux Klan: A History

[27] The Wrap – Ku Klux Klan Leader Endorses Donald Trump for President

[28] NPR – KKK Paper Endorses Trump; Campaign Calls Outlet 'Repulsive'

[29] The Washington Post – KKK’s official newspaper supports Donald Trump for president

[30] The Daily Dot – Sousaphone player trolls KKK members protesting Confederate flag removal

[31] Associated Press – At 150, KKK sees opportunities in US political trends

[32] Scribd – KKK Newspaper – Trump Endorsement Issue

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