Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins

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Clinton Richard Dawkins is an evolutionary biologist, ethologist and author who is known for coining the word "meme" in his 1976 book The Selfish Gene. Dawkins is an outspoken atheist and is intensely critical of creationist and intelligent design religious beliefs surrounding the origins of life.

"Meme" Coinage

The Selfish Gene was published in 1976 by the Oxford University Press, and presents a gene-centered view of evolution in order to explain how behaviors like altruism could be adaptive. When discussing how natural selection might extend beyond biological replication, Dawkins proposed that ideas could be subject to Darwinian principles as well, since they appear to replicate by means of cultural transmission. To label this kind of information, Dawkins coined the word "meme" as the cultural analog to a gene. The word originates from the Greek word "mimeme", meaning "imitated thing". Under the Dawkins definition, a meme can be any idea, behavior or trend that has the ability to transmit from person to person.

Online History

On February 21st, 2006, the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science[5] website was created, containing a mission statement, project information, banner images and press releases. On March 27th, the website[1] was launched, which features a blog, news and media, an event calendar, a retail store and a discussion forum.

THE RichARD DawKINS FOUNDATION FOR REASON AND SCIENCE Home Mission Projects Trustees Lecturers Banners Volunteers Contact Donate Donate DONATE Donate to RDFRS UK Welcome RDF TV See what's on RDF TV RDF Productions The mission of the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science is to support scientific education critical thinking and evidence-based understanding of the natural world in the quest to overcome religious fundamentalism, superstition, intolerance and suffering Non-iTunes Podcast URL Useful Links Mission Statement Gift Aid Declaration Form-UK taxpayers only RDFRS UK Press Release 1, 14 February 2012: Website Banners Only 1 in 10 UK Christians seeks moral guidance from religion Shopping at Amazon? Access Amazon through this link when making your purchases, and RDFRS UK will get a percentage of every you spend without it costing you a penny extra! UK residents who think of themselves as Christian show very low levels of Christian belief and practice according to new research A poll carried out by lpsos MORI for the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science (UK) in the week after the 2011 Census focused on the beliefs, attitudes and practices of UK adults who say they were recorded as Christian in the 2011 Census (or would have recorded themselves as Christian had they answered the question) amazonkindle When asked why they think of themselves as Christian, the research found that fewer than three in ten (28%) say one of the reasons is that they believe in the teachings of Christianity Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason a Science Innovating for a Secular World Donate | Store | Sign In | Sign Up nd About Get Involved News & Media Events Community ⑦ FEATURED SCIENCE July 19, 2013: A Day To Celebrate the Pale Blue Dot by Carolyn Porco Over fifty years of traveling invisible interplanetary highways around our solar system, and nearly a decade of orbiting Saturn, have bought us to a keen awareness of the celestial bodies in motion around the Sun, and the series of events responsible for their birth and development. We could hardly claim to know the complexity of the.. Read more ⑦ BLOG Atheism & the ATHEISM Science for the week of June 17th Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science Joyful Life - with Polish subtitles Cool science for the week! 2 Sean Faircloth Author of Attack of the Theocrats How the Religious Right Harms Us All And What We Can Do About It Long garbled user names by Sean Faircloth, Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason & Science Famed in Perth, sponsoned by the Rationalist Society off Australia the Humanist Society of Black Forest Fire (where the RDFRS. Connecting various atheists with... Awesome science for the week 0 This talk was sponsored by the Humanist Society of Western Australia and recorded at the University of Western Australia in Perth on April 2, 2013. Sean Faircloth is author of Attack of the Theocrats: How... 2 Read more

As of June 2013, Dawkin's official Twitter[3] account has gained over 745,000 followers and his Facebook[4] page has received more than 347,000 likes.

Elevator Gate

On June 20th, 2011, feminist and atheist blogger Rebecca Watson of Skepchick uploaded a video to YouTube in which she complained about a man asking her for coffee in the elevator at an atheist conference in Dublin Ireland.

Um, just a word to wise here, guys, uh, don’t do that. You know, I don’t really know how else to explain how this makes me incredibly uncomfortable, but I’ll just sort of lay it out that I was a single woman, you know, in a foreign country, at 4:00 am, in a hotel elevator, with you, just you, and -- don’t invite me back to your hotel room right after I finish talking about how it creeps me out and makes me uncomfortable when men sexualize me in that manner.

On July 2nd, biology professor PZ Myers wrote a blog post[19] in support of Watson, to which Dawkins replied in the comments section with a satirical letter directed toward a Muslim woman:

Dear Muslima

Stop whining, will you. Yes, yes, I know you had your genitals mutilated with a razor blade, and … yawn … don’t tell me yet again, I know you aren’t allowed to drive a car, and you can’t leave the house without a male relative, and your husband is allowed to beat you, and you’ll be stoned to death if you commit adultery. But stop whining, will you. Think of the suffering your poor American sisters have to put up with.

Only this week I heard of one, she calls herself Skep”chick”, and do you know what happened to her? A man in a hotel elevator invited her back to his room for coffee. I am not exaggerating. He really did. He invited her back to his room for coffee. Of course she said no, and of course he didn’t lay a finger on her, but even so …

And you, Muslima, think you have misogyny to complain about! For goodness sake grow up, or at least grow a thicker skin.

The comment was subsequently reported on by several news sites, including New Statesman,[15] Gawker,[16] The Atlantic[17] and Salon.[18] On July 12th, 2011, YouTuber The Amazing Atheist uploaded a video criticizing Watson's response (shown below), which garnered upwards of 300,000 views and 12,400 comments in the first two years.

Mutation of the Mind

On June 20th, 2013, Richard Dawkins was interviewed by The Guardian[6] (shown below) about his upcoming appearance at the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity with advertising agency Saatchi and Saatchi. During the interview, he calls the internet "a first class ecology for memes," noting that internet memes are a specific subset of his original idea. The same day,[7] elaborated on the appearance, a theatrical piece orchestrated by Marshmallow Laser Feast[8] with the intent of creating a video that would hopefully go viral. That evening, Advertising Age[9] reported on the performance.

On June 22nd, two days after the live event, the performance titled "Mutation of the Mind" was uploaded to the Saatchi & Saatchi New Directors' Showcase's YouTube account. After a short speech, a video featuring Dawkins' head embedded on swirling psychedelic objects played, followed by Dawkins performing a solo on an electronic woodwind instrument. On June 24th, the video was shared on a number of internet culture blogs and news sites that day including Gawker[10], BBC America's blog[11], The Guardian[12], Business Insider[13] and the Huffington Post.[14]

Ask Me Anything Threads

On October 19th, 2010, a post was submitted to the /r/IAmA[21] subreddit inviting Redditors to submit questions for Dawkins to answer in a recorded video. Prior to being archived, the post gained over 1,400 up votes and 1,400 comments. On November 14th, the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science YouTube channel uploaded a video in which Dawkins answers several questions from the comments section of the post (shown below).

On November 26th, 2013, Dawkins participated in an "ask me anything" post on the /r/IAmA[20] subreddit. In the comments section, Redditor Unidan questioned Dawkins about his opinion of multi-level selection theory, to which Dawkins replied that it was "obfuscatory." Additionally, Redditor ericyang158 questioned Dawkins how he felt about the current cultural understanding of the word meme in the context of Internet culture, to which Dawkins replied that the word has a much broader definition (shown below). In the first four hours, the post garnered upwards of 20,000 up votes and 7,900 comments.

[-] ericyang158匡551 points 4 hours ago (6621111) Hello Dr. Dawkins, thank you for taking the time to do this AMA. How do you feel now that memes, first discussed in your book The Selfish Gene, have become ubiquitous in internet culture? Do you have a favorite internet meme? permalink source report give gold save-RES reply hide child comments 个[-] Rich adDawiane . E [+2][5] 989 points 4 hours ago (1 1911202) I'm pleased that the concept of meme has become widely understood, but the true meaning is a bit broader than the common understanding. Anything transmitted with high fidelity from brain to brain by imitation is a meme. permalink source parent report save-RES give gold reply 个[-] idk-bro 700 points 4 hours ago (8351135) I bet it's Ridiculously Photogenic Guy, isn't it permalink source parent report save-RES give gold reply 个H clockworkEmpirell 185 points 3 hours ago (219134) Nah man, he's old school. Probably ceiling cat. permalink source parent report save-RES give gold reply

Search Interest

External References

[1] – Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science

[2] Facebook – Richard Dawkins

[3] Twitter – @Ricahrd Dawkins

[4] Facebook – Richard Dawkins

[5] Richard Dawkins Foundation For Reason and Science – The Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science

[6] the Guardian – Richard Dawkins on memes – Cannes Lions 2013 video

[7] – Richard Dawkins on the internet's hijacking of the word 'meme'

[8] Marshmallow Laser Feast – Home

[9] Advertising Age – Cannes 2013: Evolutionary Biologist Richard Dawkins Opens Saatchi's Annual New Directors Showcase

[10] Gawker – What the Hell Happens Five Minutes Into This Richard Dawkins Speech?

[11] BBC America Blog – Is Professor Richard Dawkins Taking Crazy Pills?

[12] The Guardian – Richard Dawkins and the meaningless meme

[13] Business Insider – Richard Dawkins Starred In A Really Freaky Video About Internet Memes

[14] Huffington Post – Richard Dawkins Jumps The Shark With Trippy 'Mutation Of The Mind' Show At Cannes Festival (VIDEO)

[15] New Statesman – Sharing a lift with Richard Dawkins

[16] Gawker – Richard Dawkins Torn Limb From Limb By Atheists

[17] The Atlantic Wire – Richard Dawkins Gets into a Comments War with Feminists

[18] Salon – Richard Dawkins Skeptic of Women?

[19] Wayback Machine – Always Name Names!

[20] Reddit – I am Richard Dawkins scientist researcher author of 12 books mostly about evolution plus The God Delusion AMA

[21] Reddit – Ask Richard Dawkins Almost Anything

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