Cloud9 Adderall Controversy
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The Cloud9 Adderall Controversy refers to the discovery that the e-sports team Cloud9 was using the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication Adderall as a performance enhancing drug in various professional competitions. Following the revelations, the pro-gaming network Electronic Sports League (ESL) installed strict anti-drug rules on players and teams.
Adderall as a Performance Enhancing Drug
Adderall is a stimulant prescribed for people with ADHD, which consists of four amphetamine salts that work by increasing the activity of the dopamine and norepinephrine neurotransmitters in the brain. The drug has been shown to have various cognition-enhancing effects and has been reported to increase stamina and alertness. The use of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) within professional e-sports has been a hotly debated topic for many years, with various rumors circulating about their use among pro gamers.
Kory Friesen Interview
On July 12th, 2015 YouTuber LAUNDERS CSTRIKE uploaded an interview with former Cloud9 player Kory "Semphis" Friesen in which he stated that Cloud9 had taken the ADHD medication Adderall to boost their performance during the professional Counter Strike competition ESL One Katowice (shown below).
Following the release of the interview, several gaming news sites were quick to report on the matter, including SegmentNext, BreitBart, Kotaku, TechnoBuffalo, GameRant and CheatSheet. Additionally, many vloggers and gaming news shows on YouTube reported on the interview, including Richard Lewis (shown below, left) and Machinima ETC's parody gaming news show TUGS (shown below, right).
On July 20th, 2015, head of communications at ESL Anna Rozwandowicz told the gaming news site Wired that stricter rules to police the use of PEDs within the gaming network would be implement, which would include randomized drug testings of the player base. On July 23rd, the ESL announced that it had partnered with the NADA (Nationale Anti Doping Agentur) to create a fair anti-PED policy for the gaming network. Several news sites reported on the ESL's response including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal and ESPN. Additionally, other YouTubers and YouTube gaming news shows reported on the announcement, including Force Gaming (shown below, left) and TUGS (shown below, right).
 NowGamer (via Wayback Machine) – Are eSports Stars Using Performance Enhancing Drugs?
 New Scientist – Esports: Doping is rampant, industry insider claims
 Softpedia – Study: eSports Players Have Physical Advantages over Normal Players
 News of Legends (via Wayback Machine) – Anti-Doping Rules – should eSports be concerned about performance enhancing drugs?
 BoingBoing – Is drug use a problem for eSports?
 Eurogamer – Winners might use drugs
 SegmentNext (via Wayback Machine) – Drug Abuse in Competitive Gaming is Turning Into a Menace
 BreitBart – QUESTIONS ABOUT PERFORMANCE-ENHANCING DRUGS IN ESPORTS RAISED AGAIN
 Kotaku – Pro Counter-Strike Player: 'We were all on Adderall'
 TechnoBuffalo – Pro Counter-Strike player says everyone takes Adderall at eSports competitions
 Game Rant – CS:GO Pros Admit to Adderall Use During Tournaments
 CheatSheet – Drugs and Competitive Gaming: It’s Already Happening
 Wired – ESL responds to esports doping controversy
 PCGamer – ESL preparing new anti-doping rules following Katowice Adderall controversy
 VG24/7 – ESL looking to implement random drug testing after recent Adderall scandal
 LazyGamer – eSports organizations to toughen up drug rules following player doping admission
 ESL – ESL leads anti-PED initiative for esports with the support of NADA
 The New York Times – Drug Testing Is Coming to E-Sports
 The Wall Street Journal – Now Coming to E-Sports: Random Drug Testing
 ESPN – ESL announces plans to test for PEDs
 The Denver Post (via Wayback Machine) – Electronic Sports League to begin random drug tests
 Fortune – Just like with regular sports, eSports athletes will be tested for drugs
 arstechnia – Winners can’t use drugs: Anti-doping tests are coming to eSports [Updated]
 PCGamer – After drug scandal, ESL says 'esports needs to mature'
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Aug 06, 2015 at 01:37PM EDT
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