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Facemorphs, also known as First Order Motion Model Deepfakes, refer to videos using a motion capture method that makes static images of people's faces move according to the training model's motion. The method is similar to deepfakes, but uses only one still image instead of a set of images. Facemorphs gained popularity in July 2020 as they were applied to a variety of subjects, particularly to video game developer YandereDev. The method was used frequently with the Yakuza 0 song Baka Mitai.
In March 2021, facemorphs saw a surge in popularity following the release of WOMBO mobile app.
On February 29th, 2020, researchers from the University of Trento in Italy published a paper titled "First Order Motion Model for Image Animation." (FOMMIA, or FOMM) In the paper, the researchers describe a method for making a source image move according to the motion of a training model.
On March 1st, content creator Verbalase uploaded an Instagram video on Instagram using images of people such as Barack Obama and Donald Trump (shown below). It is unknown whether Verbalase used FOMMIA although but it is possible given how close the upload date is to the paper's publication. The YouTube reupload of Verbalase's video posted on March 8th received over 530,000 views in four months.
Facemorphing was popularized by content creator @heyitswindy, who on July 9th, 2020, tweeted one of the earliest examples of a humorous facemorph based on a popular photograph of YandereDev and the sound from Consume the Cum Chalise video.
deepyandere fakedev pic.twitter.com/tLYIEo9t6b
— Windy (@heyitswindy) July 9, 2020
On July 10th, 2020, @heyitswindy posted a similar facemorph of YandereDev using audio from a recent TikTok, receiving almost 50,000 likes and 11,700 tweets (shown below). In a reply to the tweet, @heyutwindy mentioned that he used a demo for FOMMIA to create the images.
— Windy (@heyitswindy) July 10, 2020
In a July 13th tweet, @heyitswendy demonstrated the use of the software method with an image of YandereDev (shown below).
The man behind the slaughter. pic.twitter.com/Zre6I5eBdX
— Windy (@heyitswindy) July 13, 2020
On July 19th, heyitswindy uploaded a tutorial video for doing facemorphs to his YouTube channel, gaining over 80,000 views in less than two weeks (shown below).
Wombo, stylized as WOMBO and also known as Wombo.ai, is a mobile application that generates lip sync facemorphs based on a provided image and using a selection of available songs, including "Chug Jug With You", "Baka Mitai," and "What Is Love?". Launched in January 2021, the app achieved viral popularity in March 2021.
— WOMBO (@WOMBO) October 26, 2020
— Cakewalking (@Tortokhod) July 21, 2020
— SiveOrSimp 1️⃣ ➐ (@sivemorten) July 27, 2020
f7. YouTube – heyitswindy