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Trans-Pacific Partnership or TPP for short, is a multilateral free trade agreement that is currently being negotiated by several American and Asian nations aimed at further liberalizing the economies of the Asia-Pacific region. In November 2013, the treaty became a subject of intense scrutiny in the news media and online after WikiLeaks published a complete draft of the proposed chapter on Intellectual Property (IP) rights, which contains several provisions relating to the enforcement of copyrights.
The multilateral treaty currently being negotiated is a significantly expanded version of the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership (TPSEP), a free trade agreement that was formed among Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore in 2005. The proposed expansion of the TPP, which began after the United States agreed to enter the negotiation process in late 2008, includes Australia, Vietnam, Peru, Malaysia, Canada and Mexico (as of November 2013). Once signed by all members, the TPP will be the largest-scale free trade agreement ever formed, encompassing economies representing more than 40 percent of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP).
currently in negotiations announced interest in membership
U.S. Industry Memo Leak
In December 2010, Knowledge Ecology International (KEI) published a leaked copy of the U.S. Business Coalition for TPP's list of industry demands on the IP chapter of the partnership negotiations, which urged the TPP to address several issues, namely expiration of temporary copies (ex: buffered memory or browser cache), circumvention of digital locks, length of copyright terms and statutory damages.
Darrell Issa's Release
On May 15th, 2012, U.S. congressman Darrell Issa released a copy of the U.S.-proposed intellectual property chapter via KeepTheWebOPEN, while urging the U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk to publicly release the latest text U.S. negotiators are seeking to include in the agreement.
On November 13th, 2013, WikiLeaks released a complete copy of the secretly negotiated draft text for the TPP's Intellectual Property rights chapter ( as proposed by the United States), which addresses a wide range of IP-protection measures ranging from trademark, copyright, patents and trade secrets to geographical indication, genetic resources and traditional knowledge. In the press release, WikiLeaks described the text as "the most controversial chapter of the TPP due to its wide-ranging effects on medicines, publishers, internet services, civil liberties and biological patents."
Ratification in the United States
On June 24th, 2014, Congress passed the fast-track legislation granting the White House and the U.S. Trade Representative nearly unilateral authority to negotiate and finalize the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The passage of the bill was described by the Washington Post as a major win that could become a milestone legacy in foreign policy for the Obama administration, while its critics and EFF responded to the news with much caution.
Final Agreement Is Reached
On October 5th, 2015, Michael B. Froman, the United States Trade Representative, announced that the United States, Japan, and 10 other Pacific Rim countries had come to a final agreement, and were sending the Trans-Pacific Partnership to their respective governing bodies to be ratified. In America, that meant that the agreement would have a 90-day period of examination by Congress before they allowed it to be ratified. Bernie Sanders, Donald Trump, and many other politicians of both the Republican and Democratic parties opposed the deal.
The TPP has drawn much criticism from digital rights advocates and regional interest groups for its lack of public transparency, potential infringement of civil liberties and national sovereignty, as well as preference of the U.S. intellectual property laws over others as the international norm. It has been also criticized by several humanitarian aid groups and NGOs for limiting access to affordable medicine in the developing world.
Donald Trump's TPP Position
During the 2016 presidential primaries, then-candidate Donald Trump opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership, referring tot he deal as a "rape of our country" (video below). On June 28th, 2016, at a campaign event in St. Clairsville, Ohio, he said, "The Trans-Pacific Partnership is another disaster done and pushed by special interests who want to rape our country, just a continuing rape of our country. That’s what it is, too. It’s a harsh word: It’s a rape of our country.”
Following his victory in the 2016 presidential campaign, on January 23rd, 2017, Trump signed an executive order to withdraw from the TPP.
On February 16th, 2018, 25 GOP senators signed a letter to restart TPP trade talks, believing it would help the American economy. They wrote, "We encourage you to work aggressively to secure reforms that would allow the United States to join the agreement. Increased economic engagement with the 11 nations currently in TPP has the potential to substantially improve the competitiveness of U.S. businesses, support millions of U.S. jobs, increase U.S. exports, increase wages, fully unleash America's energy potential, and benefit consumers."
Several months later, in April 2018, President Trump reportedly asked White House National Economic Council Director Larry Kudlow and U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer to investigate re-entering the deal.
Senator Ben Sasse told reporters, "The president multiple times reaffirmed in general to all of us and looked right at Larry Kudlow and said, ‘Larry, go get it done.'"
That day, President Trump tweeted,  "Would only join TPP if the deal were substantially better than the deal offered to Pres. Obama. We already have BILATERAL deals with six of the eleven nations in TPP, and are working to make a deal with the biggest of those nations, Japan, who has hit us hard on trade for years!" The post (shown below) received more than 13,000 retweets and 58,000 likes in 24 hours.
Trump's comments about re-entering the TPP was discussed on several subreddits, receiving more than 1,000 points, respectively, in /r/TrumpCriticizesTrump, /r/The_Donald,  /r/politics and more.
 Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Pacific_Strategic_Economic_Partnership
 Electronic Frontiers Foundation – Don't Let Them Trade Away Our Internet Freedoms
 KeepTheWeb#Open – The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) Intellectual Property Rights Chapter
 Public Knowledge – ACTA the Sequel: The Transpacific Partnership Agreement
 Knowledge Ecology International – US Industry IP memo for the TPP negotiations leaked
 Reddit – The next ACTA, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, is under negotiation NOW and is even more restrictive.
 Reddit – Search Results for 'Transpacific Partnership'
 U.S. House of Representatives – Congressman Darrell Issa Releases the TPP IP Chapter
 Stop The Trap – You could have to pay a fine for simply clicking on the wrong link.
 WikiLeaks – Secret Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
 Doctors Without Borders – INFOGRAPHICS: How Provisions in the TPP Will Hurt Access to Affordable Drugs
 Washington Post – Obama scores a major trade win, burnishing his foreign policy legacy
 EFF – The Senate Passes Fast Track--But We Can Still Prevent the TPP Train Wreck
 New York Times – Trans-Pacific Partnership Is Reached, but Faces Scrutiny in Congress
 Politico – Trump calls trade deal 'a rape of our country'
 CNN – Trump signs order withdrawing from TPP, reinstate 'Mexico City policy' on abortion
 The Washington Post – 25 GOP senators urge Trump to restart TPP trade talks, a deal he called a ‘disaster’
 The Guardian – Trump said to be reviewing Trans-Pacific Partnership in trade U-turn
 Twitter – @realDonaldTrump's Tweet
 Reddit – 'Just like I have warned from the beginning, Crooked Hillary Clinton will betray you on the TPP.' 26 Jul 2016
 Reddit – TRUMP TWEET: 'Would only join TPP if the deal were substantially better than the deal offered to Pres. Obama. We already have BILATERAL deals with six of the eleven nations in TPP, and are working to make a deal with the biggest of those nations, Japan, who has hit us hard on trade for years!'
 Reddit – Trump Wants Back Into the TPP. Not So Fast, Say Members.
Oct 05, 2015 at 08:45PM EDT in reply to
Jul 26, 2015 at 07:24PM EDT
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